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高一年级必备英语知识点归纳

时间:2019-09-18

【导语】当一个小小的心念变成成为行为时,便能成了习惯;从而形成性格,而性格就决定你一生的成败。成功与不成功之间有时距离很短——只要后者再向前几步。高一频道为莘莘学子整理了《高一年级必备英语知识点归纳》,希望对你有所帮助!

【一】
  一、现在分词和过去分词的构成(形式)

  外教一对一 一般式 doing being done http://www.yangjiajiao.com

  完成式 having done having been done

  过去分词的构成:done

  二、过去分词的用法

  过去分词一般表示完成的和被动的动作,只有一种形式。

  过去分词用法如下:

  1.作定语 和现在分词作定语的用法相同。作定语用的过去分词如果是单词,一般放在名词的前面;如果是过去分词短语,要放在名词的后面。

  2.作表语

  3.作宾语补足语

  4.作状语

  三、现在分词的用法

  1. 作定语 作定语用的分词如果是单词,一般放在名词的前面。如果是分词短语,一般放在名词的后面,它的功用相当于定语从句。

  2. 作表语

  3. 作宾语补足语 分词在复合宾语中可作宾语补足语。可带这种复合宾语的动词有:see, watch, hear, feel, find, get, keep等。

  高一英语语法知识
  虚拟语气

  虚拟语气也是一个难点。所谓虚拟语气是表示说话人的愿望、假设、猜测或建议,而不表示客观存在的事实。它通过句子的谓语动词的特殊形式来表示。

  现归纳如下:纯假设,用虚拟,动词时态退一级:条件句,分主从,主句谓语前加would (should,could,might);表愿望,用虚拟,wish后面接宾语(从句):现在过去与将来,动词时态退一级:提建议,用虚拟,宾语(从句)动词用(should)do:俩建议,三要求,再加坚持与命令
  (suggest,advise,demand,require,request,insist,order):It is time和eoukd rather,后接丛句用虚拟:部分主语从句中, 谓语用虚拟结构 (It is necessry

  /important/natural/natural/strange/strange that??should do)。 下面举例说明:

  A、If you came tomorrow,we would have the metting. (条件句虚拟)

  B、Without air,there would be no living things.(同上)

  C、We wish we had arrived there two hours earlier.(表示愿望虚拟)

  D、He demanded that we (should)start right away.(表示建议虚拟)

  E、It is(high)time that we left (should leave)now.(特殊从句虚拟)

  F、I would rather you gave me the book.(同上)

  G、It is necessary that we should clean the room everyday,(主语从句虚拟) H、He speaks English so fluently as if he were English. (特殊从句虚拟)

  高一英语知识点
  一、一般过去将来时

  1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

  2.时间状语:The next day (morning, year…),the following month(week…),etc.

  3.基本结构:主语+was/were +going to + do+其它;主语+would/should + do+其它

  4.否定形式:主语+was/were+not + going to + do; 主语+would/should + not + do.

  5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;would/should 提到句首。

  6.例句:He said he would go to Beijing the next day.他说他第二天要去北京。

  I asked who was going there.我问,谁要去那里。

  二、 现在进行时

  1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。

  2.时间状语:Now, at this time, days, etc. look. listen

  3.基本结构:主语+be +doing +其它

  4.否定形式:主语+be +not +doing+其它

  5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。

  6.例句:How are you feeling today?你今天感觉如何?

  He is doing well in his lessons.在课上他表现得很好。

【二】

1. the ancient Olympic Games 古代奥运会

  2. compete in …compete with other countries for world market 与其它国家竞争国际市场

  compete in a race 参加赛跑

  compete with [against] sb. for sth. 与某人竞争而获得某物

  Our Greek cities used to compete against each other just for the honour of winning.我们希腊各个城市之间曾经为了荣誉而彼此之间相互竞争。

  3. take part in 参加

  We all had to take part in the training run, with nobody excepted.

  我们大家都得参加跑步训练, 无人例外.

  4. What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand for? 奥运旗帜上的五环代表什么?

  stand for 代表;表示;主张;支持;拥护;容忍;允许

  What does

  I won't stand for his insults any longer. 我再不能容忍他的污辱了。

  5. (a) volunteer for (……志愿者)志愿做……。

  6. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and used to write about the Olympics a long time ago
  We used to keep in touch with each other by writing letters.我们过去常写信联系对方。

  I am used to reading stories to my daughter every night and she enjoys it.我习惯了每天给女儿讲故事,她也非常喜欢这样做。

  Wood can be used to make furniture. 木头能用来做家具。

  There used to be a temple at the place where our school stands now.在我们学校所在之处过去有一座庙。

  7.on a regular basis 定期地He comes to visit us on a regular basis.他定期来看望我们。

  、
  I. be going to 的用法

  be going to结构表示按计划、打算去做某事,表示人的主管意图,有时还可表示预测有迹象要发生某事。如:

  . How long is your aunt going to stay in China for a visit?

  (计划、打算)

  . Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain.

  (有迹象要发生)

  . George is putting on weight. He is going to be quite fat.

  (预测)

  II. be going to与will的区别

  . will表示说话人认为、相信要发生的事, 不含具体时间, 可以指遥远的将来; be going to 表示按计划、打算即将发生的事。

  . 二者都可以表示“意图” 。但是表示事先考虑的事情用be going to, 否则用will。如: I am not going to / won’t tell him about it.

  --This is a very heavy box.

  --I’ll help you to carry it.

  . be going to 可以用在条件句中表示 将来, will则不行。 如:

  If you are going to attend the party, you’d better leave now.

  不定式作状语

  不定式作目的状语

  He broke into the house to steal something.

  Many drug addicts are now in treatment centers to stop taking drugs.

  He’s saving up to buy a new car.

  He uses a computer to send emails.

  2)有时候在不定式前面加上in order to或 so as to, 否定式为 in order not to 和so as not to:

  Let’s hurry so as to go to school in time.

  Let’s hurry so as not to be late for school.

  She studied very hard in order to catch up with others.

  She studied very hard in order not to lag behind.

  3) 不定式表示目的时,通常它的逻辑主语就是句子的主语,但如果不是的话,就要用for? 结构表示逻辑主语,如:

  Mom opened the door for Jane and Betty to come in.

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